The Fraud Examiner
From IT Director to Fraud Examiner: Using Technology to Unravel Schemes
ACFE Member Profile
John Schneider, CFE, CISA, CIA, serves as Chief Gaming Inspector at Pokagon Band Gaming Commission in Michigan. As a former IT director, Schneider knows the use of technology can be a key advantage both for fraudsters and the investigators trying to catch them.
What does your role at Pokagon Band Gaming Commission entail?
In short, the Pokagon Band Gaming Commission (PBGC) regulates tribal casino activities on behalf of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians and the public.
Proper regulation of casinos is essential in order to ensure that gaming is conducted honestly and free from unlawful conduct and corruptive elements. Strict regulation of all persons, locations, practices, associations and activities related to the conduct of gaming is required in order to maintain public confidence and trust in the honesty and integrity of gaming, as well as to preserve the economic self-sufficiency and general welfare of the tribe.
Which types of fraud cases are the most interesting to you, personally? Did a certain type of investigation really draw you in?
Inside jobs, such as skimming and cash larceny, are fascinating to me because of the many creative ways people come up with to exploit internal control weaknesses. Investigations into fraudsters at a table game (such as blackjack, roulette, etc.) really draw me in – like a puzzle that must be solved. How did they get away with it? How did we catch them? What controls can be implemented to thwart future attempts? It is truly a cat and mouse environment.
During your career, you have also worked as an internal auditor and as an IT director. How did you make the transition from IT into auditing and fraud?
Technology often is either the tool used to exploit control weaknesses (think hackers), or technology itself is being exploited in order to successfully commit fraud. I was asked many times to conduct fraud investigations as an IT director because I knew the systems and their audit log/reporting capabilities. This logically extended into surveillance reviews, physical and logical control systems, and so forth. In my opinion, fraud examiners of the future – and even the now – must have or develop a solid IT background to be effective in many types of fraud investigations.
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