ACFE Report on Occupational FraudOccupational Fraud: A Study of the Impact of an Economic RecessionIntense financial pressures during the economic crisis have led to an increase of fraud, according to a survey of fraud experts conducted by the ACFE. Results of the survey, published in the new ACFE report "Occupational Fraud: A Study of the Impact of an Economic Recession," also found that layoffs are pervasive and are leaving holes in organizations' internal control systems. The report, recently detailed in the Wall Street Journal, is based upon the responses of more than 500 randomly selected Certified Fraud Examiners (CFEs). CFEs are experts in fraud detection, prevention and deterrence, and must pass a rigorous exam as well as meet high professional, educational and ethical standards. More than half (55.4 percent) of respondents said that the level of fraud has slightly or significantly increased in the previous 12 months compared to the level of fraud they investigated or observed in years prior. Additionally, about half (49.1 percent) of respondents cited increased financial pressure as the biggest factor contributing to the increase in fraud, compared to increased opportunity (27.1 percent) and increased rationalization (23.7 percent). "The message to Corporate America is simple: Desperate people do desperate things," said ACFE President James D. Ratley, CFE. "Loyal employees have bills to pay and families to feed. In a good economy, they would never think of committing fraud against their employers. But especially now, organizations must be vigilant during these turbulent times by ensuring proper fraud prevention procedures are in place." The survey also found that:
Employees pose the greatest fraud threat in the current economy. When asked which, if any, of several categories of fraud increased during the previous 12 months, the largest number of survey respondents (48 percent) indicated that embezzlement was on the rise.
Layoffs are affecting organizations' internal control systems. Nearly 60 percent of CFEs who work as in-house fraud examiners reported that their companies had experienced layoffs during the past year. Among those who had experienced layoffs, almost 35 percent said their company had eliminated some controls, while 44.2 percent said the layoffs had no effect on controls and only 3.2 percent said their company had increased controls.
Fraud levels are expected to continue rising. Almost 90 percent of respondents said they expect fraud to continue to increase during the next 12 months. Additionally, the fraud most expected to increase is embezzlement.
The survey was conducted to gain insight into the correlation between economic downswings and fraudulent activity. Download "Occupational Fraud: A Study of the Impact of an Economic Recession" (PDF). For additional media information or to arrange an interview, please contact Scott Patterson: spatterson@ACFE.com; (512) 478-9000 ext. 156. Also, the ACFE has media reference materials available in our online press room.